The Frecciarossa 1000 is the latest model of Trenitalia's High Speed Trains. Produced entirely in Italy thanks to a partnership between AnsaldoBreda and Bombardier, the first ETR 1000 left the Pistoia workshop in March 2013, and entered service in the summer of 2014. In June 2017, Trenitalia presented the double Frecciarossa 1000: a solution that doubles the number of seats available for travellers.
Designed with a top speed of 400 km/h and a commercial speed of 360 km/h, the Frecciarossa 1000 is currently certified for 300 km/h.
Among the main features, this ETR 1000 is distinguished by:
The Frecciarossa 1000 is a new generation multi-voltage bidirectional train. This ETR has a locked composition and distributed power, to make the most of grip even in adverse weather conditions.
In terms of safety, the Frecciarossa 1000 uses the ERTMS / ETCS, an advanced technological system for controlling the train, which eliminates human error, monitoring the journey moment by moment and intervening automatically, if necessary. It is also equipped with a predictive diagnostic system that monitors all on-board systems and transmits all useful information to on-board personnel, maintenance personnel, and control rooms.
Trenitalia's ETR 1000 complies with European Interoperability Technical Specifications (STI): this train is compatible with European AV networks (France, Germany, Spain, Austria, Switzerland, Holland, and Belgium), and manages to overcome infrastructural limitations, even in case of different power supplies and signalling.
The Frecciarossa 1000 is the first AV train in the world to have obtained the environmental impact certification (EPD) because it manages to contain 28 grams of CO2 emissions per passenger-kilometre. To date, it is the quietest and least vibrating train produced in Europe, thanks to its reduced aerodynamic resistance. The environmental impact of the ETR 1000 continues even after the end of its life cycle, as the materials used for the construction of some parts are recoverable and recyclable.