Even though women are recognised as having better team management skills, greater flexibility and emotional skills, they are often given lower leadership roles in a professional environment, in particular when dealing with technical jobs that require scientific training and studies. What causes this scarcity of women in technical areas? According to a survey by MgResearch, those interviewed (60% women and 40% men) indicated prejudice as the main reason, in other words the type of prejudice that finds it difficult to envisage women as technicians or engineers. That same prejudice, unfortunately, often unconsciously guides young people in their choice of study. It is believed that women are not suited to scientific subjects, even though a quarter of the female students interviewed were attracted by technical areas. Another piece of information, just as discouraging, is that less than 15% of the interviewed students chose their study career after receiving suitable information.
At an international level, the World Economic Forum presented a report that evidences the situation of sexual equality in the world. In particular, the Global Gender Gap Index 2016 underlines the barriers that obstacle entry into the job world by females: it is not just a social-cultural problem, there is also a lack of female models in important company roles, in addition to poor balancing between the women’s professional and private lives.
In Europe, the gender gap decreases in the northern countries, with Iceland at the top; no Mediterranean country appears in the first 10 places.